Sport Medicine in Italy
Sport medicine has a great tradition in Italy. This is due to the
fact that in Italy (a very rare case in the world) the law
wants to protect athlete 's fitness through a periodical check up
(once a year).
the control is made by a physician specialized in sport medicine
and subscribed to FMSI ( Federazione Medico Sportiva Italiana ).
to became a specialist the doctor has to pass first an admission
exam and then he will have to perform a 4 year full-time program
at the Italian University. The study fields covered are physiology,
cardiology, traumatology, training, metabolics, computer science
and so on.
the Institute of Sport Medicine of Bologna makes about
5000 check-up every year and, all the informations are stored into
an electronic database with millions of interesting data about
physiology and pathology in sport activities.
the system works in a network and is able to evaluate statistics of
each parameter inserted during the check up.
during the visit, the m.d. Specialist, performs this sequence of operations:
- objective exam
- oculistic exam
- audiometric exam
- cardiologic exam
- neurologic exam
- ergometric test with ecg
furthermore, depending on the athlete the physician may
request other exams (ecocardio, holter etc...)